MCQs in Periodontology - Gingivitis

# A thin bluish line around the gingival margin is due to the absorption of:
A. Silver
B. Mercury
C. Drugs like Tetracycline
D. Lead

# McCall's festoons are:
A. also called Stillman's clefts
B. due to poor oral hygiene
C. Congenital abnormality
D. Due to trauma from occlusion

# Most objective sign of gingivitis is:
A. Increase in gingival size
B. Increase in crevicular fluid
C. Increase in gingival redness
D. Bleeding on probing

# Life-saver shaped enlargements of the marginal gingiva are called:
A. Gingival crater
B. McCall festoons
C. Stillman's cleft
D. Window peaks

# Which of the following cells are predominant in the stage I of gingivitis?
A. Plasma cells
B. Neutrophils
C. Mast cells
D. Lymphocytes

# The most common form of gingival disease is:
A. Gingivitis
B. Periodontitis
C. Gingival recession
D. None of the above

# Earliest clinical sign of gingivitis is:
A. Bleeding on probing
B. Change in color
C. Change in contour
D. Change in size

# Which single factor could contribute most of the development of simple gingivitis in children?
A. High fever
B. Poor oral hygiene
C. Oral habits
D. Physical nature of food ingested

# When periodontal probing in gingivitis is done, depth is measured from:
A. Base of pocket to CEJ
B. Base of pocket to free marginal gingiva
C. marginal gingiva to CEJ
D. Junctional epithelium

# Bacteria found in gingivitis are localized in:
A. Connective tissue fibers
B. Gingival sulcus
C. Alveolar bone
D. Periodontal ligament

# The histopathologic picture of chronic gingivitis shows:
A. Leukocytic infiltration with increased neutrophils
B. Widening of capillaries and venules
C. Increased plasma cells and neutrophils
D. Infiltration of neutrophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells

# Gingivitis:
A. Inevitably progresses to periodontitis
B. Affects approximately 40% of adolescents
C. is characterized by true pocketing
D. is a reversible lesion

# Gingivitis is initiated most frequently by:
A. Pregnancy
B. Malocclusion
C. Vitamin deficiency
D. Local irritating factors

# The most common sequelae of gingivitis is:
A. Pericoronitis
B. Periodontitis
C. Periodontosis
D. Periapical pathology

# McCall Festoons are seen in which of the following teeth ?
A. Central incisors
B. Canine and premolars
C. Lateral incisors
D. Molars

# Clinical signs of gingivitis appear in:
A. Initial gingivitis
B. Early gingivitis
C. Late gingivitis
D. Advanced gingivitis

# Which of the following is not influenced by systemic disease?
A. Periodontitis
B. Destructive periodontitis
C. Hereditary fibromatosis gingivitis
D. Chronic gingivitis

# A key feature that differentiates stage III gingivitis from the stage II lesion is an increase in the number of:
A. Lymphocytes
B. Plasma Cells
C. Mast cells
D. Polymorphs

# McCall's Festoons result from:
A. Normal physiological process
B. Tooth brush trauma
C. Inflammation
D. Food lodgement

# Apostrophe shaped area:
A. Stillmans cleft
B. McCall's Festoons
C. Gingival sulcus
D. None of the above

# Bleeding on probing will tell us that:
A. Gingival health of a child
B. Status of gingival health on the day of examination
C. 7 days has passed since last prophylaxis
D. 14 days has passe since last prophylaxis

# Pigmentation of chemicals in mucosa is due to:
A. Increased permeability of blood vessels
B. Local deposition of chemicals in the mucosa
C. Sub epithelial precipitation in connective tissue at the site due to increased capillary permeability
D. None of the above

# Which of the following is a feature of gingivitis?
A. Inflamed tissue
B. Bleeding on probing
C. Increased gingival fluid
D. All of the above

# Gingival recession is most commonly due to:
A. Toothbrush trauma
B. Trauma from occlusion
C. Defective contacts

# Plasma cells are most commonly seen in one of the stages of gingivitis:
A. Initial lesion
B. Early lesion
C. Established lesion
D. Advanced lesion

# In gingivitis, the immunoglobulins are consistent with the increase in number of:
A. Fibroblasts
B. Neutrophils
C. Lymphocytes
D. Plasma cells

# The following condition do not create gingival defects necessitating gingivoplasty except:
A. Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis
B. Desquamative gingivitis
C. Erosive lichen planus
D. Acute Herpetic gingivostomatitis

# One commmon radiographic finding in clinical gingivitis is:
A. Vertical bone loss
B. Normal bone pattern
C. Horizontal bone loss
D. Increase in bone density

# The most important cell which contributes to the severity of periodontal disease is:
A. Lymphocyte
B. Neutrophil
C. Mast cell
D. Plasma cell

# The change in color, shape, and texture of gingiva are seen in:
A. Stage 1 gingivitis
B. Stage 2 gingivitis
C. Stage 3 gingivitis
D. Stage 4 gingivitis

# Collagen fibrils have a transverse striation with a characteristic periodicity of:
A. 64 centimeter
B. 64 nanometer
C. 640 micrometer
D. 640 nanometer

# Early and established stage of gingivitis is differentiated by increase in number of:
A. Plasma cells
B. Neutrophil
C. B cells
D. Macrophages

# Which stage of gingivitis is also called subclinical gingivitis?
A. Initial stage
B. Advanced stage
C. Early stage
D. Established stage

# Pregnancy gingivitis is caused by:
A. Bacteroides melaninogenicus
B. Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
C. Streptococcus sanguis
D. Fusobacterium

# When the dental plaque is allowed to accumulate in the absence of any plaque control procedures, it results in gingivitis within:
A. 1 to 3 days
B. 7 to 21 days
C. 2 months to 3 months
D. 24 hours to 48 hours

# Atypical gingivitis is:
A. Other name of plasma cell gingivitis
B. gingivitis seen in HIV patients
C. gingivitis seen in Leukemia patients
D. Gingivitis seen in aggressive periodontitis