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Most effective method of preventing dental decay

 # Which of the following is the most effective method of preventing dental decay in general population?
A. Oral prophylaxis
B. Systemic fluorides
C. Diet counseling
D. Fluoride mouth wash and toothpaste


The correct answer is D. Fluoride mouthwash and toothpaste.

 The most effective strategy for prevention of caries has been increasing tooth resistance through the use of systemic and topical fluorides. Systemic and topical fluoride application has been deemed by many researchers to be the single most important preventive and treatment modality older adults can employ to prevent dental caries. The concentration and the method and frequency of application
depend on the level of risk and the ability of the individual to manage the regimen.

Reference: Jong's Community Dental Health, 5th edition , Page no 144

Space lattice refers to:

 # Space lattice refers to:
A. Inter atomic movement
B. Inter atomic imbalance
C. Arrangement of atoms
D. Arrangement of molecules



The correct answer is C. Arrangement of atoms.

A space lattice can be defined as any arrangement of atoms in space in which every atom is situated similarly to every other atom.

Reference: PHILLIPS’ SCIENCE OF DENTAL MATERIALS, Anusavice, Shen, Rawls, 12th Edition, Page No: 20


Which of the following bonds is responsible for thermal conduction?

 # Which of the following bonds is responsible for thermal conduction?
A. Ionic bond
B. Van der Waal bond
C. Metallic bond
D. Covalent bond


The correct answer is C. Metallic bond.

The free electrons give the metal its characteristically high thermal and electrical conductivity. These electrons absorb light energy, so that all metals are opaque to transmitted light. The metallic bonds are also responsible for the ability of metals to deform plastically. The free electrons can move through the lattice, whereas their plastic deformability is associated with slip along crystal planes. During slip deformation, electrons easily regroup to retain the cohesive nature of the metal.

Reference: PHILLIPS’ SCIENCE OF DENTAL MATERIALS, Anusavice, Shen, Rawls, 12th Edition, Page No: 19


Atomic bonds characterized by physical forces

 # Which of the following atomic bonds are characterized by physical forces?
A. Ionic bonds
B. Van der Waal bonds
C. Metallic bonds
D. Covalent bonds





The correct answer is B. van der Waals bonds

van der Waals forces—Short-range force of physical attraction that promotes adhesion between
molecules of liquids or molecular crystals.

Reference: PHILLIPS’ SCIENCE OF DENTAL MATERIALS, Anusavice, Shen, Rawls, 12th Edition, Page No: 17


AIIMS MDS ENTRANCE EXAM MCQs - 2012 MAY

 



# Component from second branchial arch is:
A. Mandible
B. Muscles of mastication
C. Muscles of facial expression
D. TMJ

# Sensory nerve supply of TMJ is:
A. Masseteric nerve
B. Auriculotemporal nerve
C. Buccal nerve
D. Facial nerve

# Which blood vessel does not supply pharyngotympanic tube?
A. Ascending pharyngeal
B. Ascending palatine
C. Middle meningeal
D. Artery of pterygoid canal

Crown Height Space (CHS) for implant dentistry is measured from:

# Crown Height Space (CHS) for implant dentistry is measured from:
a) prosthetic platform
b) crest of the bone
c) junctional epithelium
d) gingival margin





The correct answer is B. Crest of the bone.

Crown Height Space(CHS) is measured from crest of bone to the plane of occlusion in posterior region and incisal edge of arch in anterior region.

Gingivitis in leukemic patient resembles:

 # Gingivitis in leukemic patient resembles:
A. Pyogenic granuloma
B. Herpetic gingivostomatitis
C. Hairy cell Leukoplakia
D. ANUG




The correct answer is D. ANUG.

Acute gingivitis and lesions that resemble necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis are more frequent and severe in patients with terminal cases of acute leukemia. The inflamed gingiva in patients with leukemia differs clinically from that found in nonleukemic individuals. The gingiva is a peculiar bluish red, it is spongelike and friable, and it bleeds persistently on the slightest provocation or even spontaneously in leukemic patients. This greatly altered and degenerated tissue is extremely susceptible to bacterial infection, which can be so severe as to cause acute gingival necrosis with pseudomembrane formation or bone exposure.

Reference: Carranza's Clinical Periodontology, 12th Edition, Page no: 194

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