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Types of Cartilage

Hyaline Cartilage
  • Matrix consists of lacunar capsule containing individual chondrocytes.
  • Widely distributed in the body.
  • Surface covered by perichondrium.
  • Type II collagen is found

  • Costal cartilage
  • Articular cartilages of most synovial joints
  • Thyroid, cricoid and arytenoid cartilages, pharyngeal cartilages, parts of nasal septum, epiphyseal plate essential for bone growth
Fibrous Cartilage
  • Also called white cartilage.
  • Type I collagen is found.
  • Perichondrium is absent.
  • Highest tensile force.
  • Calcification may occur with age.

  • It is found in symphysis, Intervertebral discs, public symphysis, articular disc of most of the joints and menisci of knee joint.
Elastic Cartilage
  • Yellow cartilage.
  • This is similar to hyaline cartilage except that elastic fibres are present instead of type II collagen fibres.
  • Calcification does not occur.

  • It is found in auricle.
  • Wall of the medial part of the auditory tube.
  • Epiglottis, corniculate, cuneiform and apical part of the arytenoids cartilages of larynx.

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