MCQs on Pulp and Periapical Infections - Oral Pathology

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# All of the following statements about the typical features of a periapical granuloma are TRUE except :
A. It consists of proliferating granulation tissue
B. It can form only if the periapical bone is resorbed
C. It shows evidence of local antibody production
D. It results from immunologically mediated tissue damage

# Phlegmon is a :
A. Sexually transmitted disease
B. Type of cellulitis
C. Type of osteomyelitis
D. Endocrine Disease

# Most common cyst in oral region is :
A. Medial cyst
B. Radicular cyst
C. Follicular cyst
D. Nasolabial cyst

# Dental cyst:
A. Occurs from reduced enamel epithelium
B. replaces the tooth to which it is attached
C. is frequently seen with a missing tooth on the X ray
D. Cystic lining of stratified squamous epithelium

# The earliest response of pulpitis is :
A. Cyst formation
B. Calcification
C. Hyalinization
D. Formation of dental granuloma

# Garre's chronic non supurative sclerosing osteomylitis is characteried clinically by:
A. Endosteal bone formation
B. Periosteal bone formation
C. Resorption of medullary bone
D. Resorption of cortical bone

# Abscess formation is particularly characteristic of infections with which of the following microorganisms ?
A. Viruses
B. Rickettsiae
C. Streptococci
D. Staphylococci

# Organism involved in cellulitis is :
A. Streptococcus mutans
B. Streptococcus pyogenes
C. Pneumococci
D. Klebsiella

# An acute apical abscess is usually a result of :
A. Periodontal pocket
B. Occlusal interference
C. Necrotic pulp
D. Chronic gingivitis

# Which of the following periapical conditions is associated with a vital pulp ?
A. Apical cyst
B. Apical scar
C. Condensing osteitis
D. Chronic apical periodontitis

# The main causative agent of Ludwig's angina is:
A. Anaerobic Streptococci
B. Aerobic Streptococci
C. Staphylococci
D. Legionella infection

# The most common organism involved in a periapical abscess is :
A. Streptococcus pyogenes
B. Streptococcus viridans
C. B hemolytic Streptococci
D. Non hemolytic Streptococci

# The earliest radiographic sign of osteomyelitis is :
A. Solitary or multiple radiolucent areas
B. Increased granular radioopacity
C. Blurring of trabecular outlines
D. Formation of sequestrum appearing as radioopaque patches

# Osteomyelitis begins as an inflammation of :
A. Cortical bone
B. Periosteum
C. Medullary bone
D. Periosteum and inner cortex

# Focal sclerosing osteonyelitis is:
A. Due to excessive periosteal bone formation
B. An extremely painful condition
C. Due to low grade chronic infection
D. A common sequel following sequestrectomy

# A tooth with a 3 month history of pain, which was worse when hot liquid were in mouth. After extraction, the tooth was split open. The pulp chamber was completely filled with pus. A few remnants of pulp tissue were found in the apical end. The condition is :
A. Acute partial Pulpitis
B. Acute total pulpitis
C. Suppurative pulpitis
D. Strangulation of pulp

# Chronic hyperplastic pulpitis is:
A. necrotizing
B. Suppurative lesion
C. proliferation of a chronically inflammed pulp
D. also called as phoenix abscess

# Periapical cyst is usually preceded by:
A. Periapical granuloma
B. Periodontal abscess
C. Periapical abscess
D. All of the above

# Acute osteomyelitis is most frequently caused by which of the following microorganisms ?
A. Gonococcus
B. Enterococcus
C. Streptococcus
D. Staphylococcus
# An asymptomatic tooth has deep caries on occlusal surface. Radiograph shows radiopaque mass at apex of the tooth; this mass is most likely to be :
A. Cementoma
B. Condensing osteitis
C. Chronic apical periodontitis
D. Acute apical periodontitis

# A person experiences throbbing pain at night. It is due to:
A. Acute pulpal degeneration
B. Acute periodontal abscess
C. Chronic pulpitis
D. Cellulitis

# Pain due to acute irreversible pulpitis is :
A. Spontaneous
B. Sharp-shock like
C. Lasting for short time
D. Continuous

# Reversible pulpitis change to irreversible pulpitis primarily because of :
A. Vascular strangulation
B. Reduced host resistance
C. Invasion of microorganisms
D. An increase in microbial virulence

# Which is not true of Ludwig's angina?
A. Usually arises from an infected molar
B. Involves submandibular space
C. May need emergency tracheostomy
D. None of the above

# Odontogenic epithelium responsible for the formation of dental cyst is :
A. Cell rests of Serres
B. Enamel Organ
C. Reduced enamel epithelium
D. Cell rests of Malassez

# The caries of enamel surface leads to accentuation of:
A. Incremental lines of Retzius
B. Perikymata
C. Imbrication lines of Pickerill
D. Wickham's Striae

# Constant feature associated with radicular cyst is :
A. an impacted tooth
B. a missing tooth
C. a non vital tooth
D. an anomalous tooth

# Which of the following differentiates between condensing osteitis and benign cementoblastoma ?
A. Condensing osteitis is associated with vital tooth whereas cementoblastoma is associated with a non vital tooth
B. In condensing osteitis, radiopacity is attached to tooth whereas in cementoblastoma it is not
C. Cementoblastoma is associated with vital tooth whereas condensing osteitis is associated with non vital tooth
D. In cementoblastoma, radiopacity is attached to the tooth whereas in condensing osteitis it is not

# Best way to differentiate periapical cyst and periapical granuloma is:
A. Radiographically
B. Histologically
C. Clinically
D. None of the above

# A diffuse spreading inflammatory lesion is due to bacterial enzyme:
A. Coagulase
B. Hyaluronidase
C. Peroxidase
D. Bradykinin

# Chronic periostitis in children is known as:
A. Cherubism
B. Garre's osteomyelitis
C. Histiocytosis X
D. Tuberculous osteomyelitis

# Which of the following is more prone to osteomyelitis?
A. Maxilla
B. Zygoma
C. Palatine bone
D. Mandible

# The chronic osteomyelitis of jaw consists of :
A. Condensing osteitis
B. Sclerotic cemental mass
C. Chronic diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis
D. All of the above

# The fascial spaces involved in the Ludwig's Angina are:
A. Unilateral - Submandibular and Sublingual spaces
B. Bilateral - Submandibular and Sublingual Spaces
C. Unilateral - Submandibular, Sublingual and Submental spaces
D. Bilateral - Submandibular, Sublingual and Submental Spaces
# Three stages in progression of acute odontogenic infection are :
A. Periapical osteitis, cellulitis, abscess
B. Abscess, cellulitis, periapical osteitis
C. Cellulitis, abscess, periapical osteitis
D. Periapical osteitis, abscess, cellulitis

# The tooth most commonly involved in chronic focal sclerosing osteomyelitis is:
A. Maxillary second molar
B. Maxillary third molar
C. Maxillary first molar
D. Mandibular first molar

# Cyst arising from Rests of Malassez is:
A. Dental Cyst
B. Dentigerous cyst
C. Radicular cyst
D. Keratocyst

# Low grade infection which leads to localized periosteal reaction is:
A. Garre's Osteomyelitis
B. Acute Osteomyelitis
C. Condensing Osteitis
D. Local alveolar Osteitis

# Tiny linear or arc-shaped bodies, amporphous, brittle and eosinophilic in reaction, found in association with some odontogenic cysts, are called:
A. Civatte bodies
B. Russel Bodies
C. Guarneri Bodies
D. Rushton bodies

# The cells most frequently found in a granuloma are:
A. Mast cells
B. Giant cells
C. Lymphocytes
D. Neutrophils

# Most used selective medium for Streptococcus mutans is :
A. Mac conkey agar
B. Mitius salivarius bacitracin agar
C. Nutrient agar
D. Tellurite medium

# Most demineralized zone in enamel caries is :
A. Translucent zone
B. Body of lesion
C. Dark zone
D. Surface zone

# The gelatinous deposit adherent on the tooth surface is called as:
A. Materia alba
B. Plaque
C. Calculus
D. All of the above

# Streptococcus mutans produces an adhesive polymer from sucrose, known as:
A. Levans
B. Lectins
C. Glucans
D. Polyfructans

# Liquefaction foci of Miller is a hostopathological observation in:
A. Cemental caries
B. Early enamel caries
C. Advanced enamel caries
D. Advanced dentinal caries

# Which of the following is cariostatic?
A. Selenium
B. Magnesium
C. Cadmium
D. Molybdenum
# Progression of dental caries on pit and fissures occur from:
A. Apex of the pit and fissure
B. Wide end of the pit and fissure
C. Lateral surface of the pit and fissure
D. Bottom of the pit and fissure

# Which of the following represents a soluble polysaccharide found in dental plaque and is formed from the fructose moiety of the sucrose?
A. Levan
B. Dextran
C. Amylopectin
D. Hyaluronic acid

# Plaque microflora can split carbohydrates. What does it mean?
A. Saccharolytic
B. Saprophytic
C. Virulent
D. Avirulent

# True about caries, all except:
A. Infectious and transmissible
B. Not due to microorganisms
C. Can develop in the absence of sucrose
D. Microorganisms play the most essential role

# A 30 year old patient with radiograohic appearance of endosteal bone formation, sclerosed bone is likely to be suffered from?
A. Garre's osteomyelitis
B. Chronic focal sclerosing osteomyelitis
C. Acute osteomyelitis
D. Chronic Osteomyelitis