BDS Second Year CNS, MSK and Special Senses OSPE and VIVA Questions - Anatomy - July 2015

1. Key: Spinal cord
a. Identify the displayed specimen. (2)
b. Draw a well-labeled diagram showing the blood supply of it. (5)
c. Name the branches of typical spinal nerve. (2)

2. Key: Medulla Oblongata
a. Identify the displayed specimen. (2)
b. Name the cranial nerve arising from it. (4)
c. Write about the formation of facial colliculus. (4)

3. Key: Fourth Ventricle
a. Identify the flagged cavity. (2)
b. Draw a well-labeled diagram showing the floor of it. (5)
c. Write the three features of increased intracranial pressure. (3)

4. Key: Foramen Transversarium
a. Identify the flagged foramen. (2)
b. Name three structures passing from it. (3)
c. Write about the ossification of typical cervical vertebra.  (5)

5. Key: Superior Orbital Fissure
a. Identify the flagged foramen. (2)
b. Name three nerves passing through its middle part. (3)
c. Define diploic vein and name any three of it. (5)

6. Key: Hypoglossal Canal
a. Identify the flagged foramen. (2)
b. Name four muscles supplied by cranial nerve passing through it.  (4)
c. List 4 unpaired bones of skull. (4)

7. Key: Temporal Bone
a. Identify the displayed bone. (2)
b. Name different parts of it. (4)
c. List the boundaries and importance of suprameatal triangle.  (4)

8. Key: Orbicularis Oculi
a. Identify the flagged muscle. (2)
b. Name the different parts of this muscle and the nerve supplying it. (4)
c. Name any four other muscles of facial expression. (4) 
9. Key:  Parotid Gland
a. Identify the displayed specimen. (2)
b. List the structures within it. (4)
c. Give the anatomical explanation for Frey's syndrome.   (4) 

10. Key: Sternocleidomastoid muscle
a. Identify the flagged muscle. (2)
b. Write the functions and nerve supply of it. (4)
c. List the muscle forming the floor of posterior triangle. (4)


11. Key: Tentorium Cerebelli
a. Identify the flagged part of the displayed specimen. (2)
b. Name three dural venous sinuses related to it. (3)
c. List the structure lying in the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus. (5)

12. Key: tongue
a. Identify the flagged specimen. (2)
b. List any four muscles of it. (4)
c. List any four parts of the cervical fascia. (4) 
13. Key: Masseter
a. Identify the flagged muscle. (2)
b. Write the function and nerve supply of it. (4)
c. List any four contents of infratemporal fossa. (4)

14. Key: facial artery
a. Identify the tied vessel. (2)
b. List any four branches of it. (4)
c. List posterior and terminal branches of external carotid artery. (4) 

15. Key: Hyoid bone
a. Identify the displayed bone. (2)
b. Name the parts and developmental source of it. (5)
c. List any three content of carotid sheath. (3)

16. Key: Thyroid gland
a. Identify the displayed specimen. (2)
b. List five structures related with medial surface of it.  (5)
c. Name any three subarachnoid cisterns. (3)

17. Key: Eyeball
a. Identify the displayed specimen. (2)
b. Name six muscles attached to it. (6)
c. List two structures found within cavernous sinus. (2) 

18. Key: Middle meatus
a. Identify the flagged region. (2)
b. List the Paranasal air sinuses opening to this region. (4)
c. List four structures forming the nasal septum. (3)

19. Key: Lateral Rectus
a. Identify the flagged muscle. (2)
b. Write its action and nerve supply. (4)
c. Write the parts of internal ear containing endolymph. (4) 

20. Key: Vagus Nerve
a. Identify the tied structure. (2)
b. Name any four branches of it arising in the neck. (4)
c. List the nuclei of facial nerve. (4)

21. Key: Anterior cerebral artery
a. Identify the tied vessel. (2)
b. List the branches of basilar artery. (5)
c. List three characteristic features of cerebral veins. (3) 

22. Key: Stylomastoid foramen
a. Identify the flagged foramen. (2)
b. List two structures passing through it. (2)
c. With the help of diagram show the branches of the ophthalmic artery. (6)



VIVA Questions

1. What is Bell’s palsy? (2)
2. Why the infection behind the prevertebral fascia cannot extend below the superior mediastinum?  (2)
3. What is the most common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage? (2)
4. What is Argyl-Robertson pupil? (2)
5. Tell two features of medial medullary syndrome. (2)

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