MBBS / BDS Medical Entrance Examination - Endocrine System MCQs

# Cretinism or dwarfism is caused due to hyposecretion of:
A. Pituitary gland
B. Thyroid gland
C. Adrenal gland
D. Thymus gland

# Islet of Langherhans is a part of:
A. Ductless part of Pancreas
B. Exocrine part of Pancreas
C. Gonads
D. Pituitary

# Muscle spasms may occur in the deficiency of:
A. Thyroxin
B. Parathyroid hormone
C. Testosterone
D. Vasopressin

# Alpha and Beta cells are found in:
A. Liver
B. Pancreas
C. Thymus
D. Thyroid gland

# The pituitary gland in human body is attached to the:
A. Pineal stalk of diencephalon
B. Infundibulum of Diencephalon
C. Optic lobe
D. Olfactory lobe

# The hormone responsible for the attachment of embryo to the wall of the uterus is:
A. Progesteron
B. Estrogen
C. Epinephrine
D. Relaxin

# The gland mainly responsible for calcium homeostasis is:
A. Thymus
B. Thyroid
C. Parathyroid
D. Adrenal

# Hormone mainly responsible for ovulation is:
A. Luteinizing hormone
B. Follicle stimulating hormone
C. Oxytocin
D. Mineralocorticoids

# Cushing's disease is due to excessive stimulation of:
A. Pituitary gland
B. Adrenal cortex
C. Thyroid
D. Adrenal medulla

# At the time of interview, the heartbeat becomes faster due to:
A. Release of adrenalin
B. Hypersecretion of renin
C. release of ADH
D. release of Corticotrophin

# Insulin is chemically a:
A. Carbohydrate
B. Protein
C. Fat
D. Enzyme

# Dwarfism is caused due to hyposecretion of:
A. Pituitary
B. Thyroid
C. Parathyroid
D. Adrenal

# The disease in adult due to hyperactivity of thyroid gland is called:
A. Exophthalmic goiter
B. Cretinism
C. Hashimoto's diseases
D. Gull's disease

# Grave's disease is caused due to:
A. Hypersecretion of thyroid gland
B. Hyposecretion of thyroid gland
C. Hypersecretion of Pituitary gland
D. Hyposecretion of Pituitary gland

# What is the name of the disease caused by the deficiency of thyroxin?
A. Diabetes
B. Night Blindness
C. Goitre
D. Addison's disease

# Hormone responsible for the release of pancreatic juice to digest the food is:
A. Secretin
B. Gastrin
C. Cholecystokinin
D. Enterokinin

# Iodine is richly found in:
A. Seafoods
B. Spinach
C. Meat
D. Milk

# Diabetes is due to lack of:
A. Pepsin
B. Trypsin
C. Insulin
D. Renin

# The malformation of which of the following causes hyperglycemia?
A. Parathyroid hormone
B. Insulin
C. Adrenaline
D. Thyroxine

# Neuropeptide hormone is:
A. Insulin
B. Glucagon
D. Oxytocin

# HCG is secreted by:
A. Adenohypophysis
B. Pars intermedia
C. Ovary
D. Placenta

# Acromegaly results due to the excess secretion of:
A. Growth hormone
B. Insulin
C. Thyroxine
D. Adrenaline

# If a hypothyroid female gives birth to a child, the child may be suffering from:
A. Hyperthyroidism
B. Mental retardation
C. Diabetes mellitus
D. Hypertension

# Steroid hormone is:
A. Epinephrine
B. Norepinephrine
C. Estrogen
D. Oxytocin

# Endocrinology denotes the study of:
A. endocrine organs and glands
B. proteins and digestive enzymes
C. internal environment
D. reproductive glands only

# Neurohypophysis is:
A. Anterior pituitary
B. Posterior pituitary
C. Intermediate pituitary
D. Lateral Pituitary

# Tetany is caused by:
A. Hypothyroidism
B. Hyperthyroidism
C. Hypoparathyroidism
D. Hyperparathyroidism

# Menopause is caused due to hormone:
A. Prolactin
B. Estrogen
C. Progesterone
D. Relaxin

# Study of ductless gland is called as:
A. Embryology
B. Exocrinology
C. Entomology
D. Endocrinology

# Parathyroid gland is present near:
A. Thyroid gland
B. Adrenal gland
C. Pituitary gland
D. Thymus gland

# Which of the following glands secrete thyroid stimulting hormone (TSH)?
A. Anterior Pituitary
B. Posterior Pituitary
C. Thyroid gland
D. Adrenal gland

# The growth and maturation of ovum in mammals is caused by:
A. FSH only
B. FSH and LH both
C. Luteinizing Hormone only
D. Progesterone

# Which of the following secrete the same hormone?
A. Thyroid and adrenal
B. Placenta and ovary
C. Testes and adrenal
D. Hypothalamus and posterior pituitary

# Life saving hormone is :
A. Calcitonin
B. Adrenaline
C. Thyroxine
D. Aldosterone

# Which of the following is an endocrine gland?
A. Salivary gland
B. Gall bladder
C. Pineal gland
D. Enzyme secreting part of pancreas

# During ovulation, which hormone secretion increases?
C. LH and FSH both
D. High LH and low FSH

# In Pancreas, insulin and glucagon secretion is done by:
A. Alpha and alpha cells
B. alpha and beta cells
C. beta and beta cells
D. beta and alpha cells

# NOT an endocrine gland:
A. Ovary
B. Thyroid gland
C. Pancreas
D. Prostrate

# Cell secretion for hormone production is done by:
A. Centriole
B. Nucleus
C. Mitochondria
D. Golgi apparatus

# Which of the following is an endocrine gland?
A. Salivary gland
B. Gall bladder
C. Pineal gland
D. Enzyme secreting part of pancreas

# Secretin is secreted by the:
A. Pancreas
B. Duodenum
C. Liver
D. Kidney

# The height of a person depends upon secretion of growth hormone. This hormone is secreted by:
A. Adrenal gland
B. Thyroid gland
C. Pituitary gland
D. Thymus gland

# The thyroid hormone is involved in:
A. Metabolism of sugar
B. Growth and development
C. Maintenance of Blood Pressure
D. All of the above

# Hunger, thirst is controlled by:
A. Cerebrum
B. Hypothalamus
C. Cerebellum
D. Medulla oblongata

# Temperature is under direct control of:
A. Cerebrum
B. Cerebellum
C. Hypothalamus
D. Spinal cord

# Which of the following occurs in hyperthyroidism ?
A. Lowering of body temperature
B. Increase in Basal metabolic rate (BMR)
C. Decrease in respiratory rate
D. Excessive fat accumulation

# Progesterone is secreted by:
A. Follicle cells
B. Cells of Leydig
C. Corpus luteum
D. Germinal epithelium

# Glucagon is:
A. Polypeptide
B. Polysaccharide
C. Cholesterol
D. None of the above

# Sex hormones are secreted by:
A. Thyroid gland
B. Adrenal cortex
C. Adrenal medulla
D. Parathyroid gland

# FSH and LH are secreted by:
A. Anterior lobe of pituitary gland
B. Posterior lobe of pituitary gland
C. Thyroid gland
D. Gonads

# Endocrine gland causing seasonal migration in bird is:
A. Thymus
B. Thyroid
C. Pituitary
D. Suprarenal

# Diabetes insipidus is caused by the imbalance of:
A. Glucose level
B. Oxytocin
C. Insulin

# Which of the following hormones belongs to catecholamine?
A. Aldosterone
B. Adrenaline
C. Oxytocin
D. Melatonin

# Which of the following glands atrophies after puberty ?
A. Ovary
B. Pineal gland
C. Parathyroid gland
D. Adrenal gland

# Odd one out.
A. Oxytocin - Parathyroid
B. Steroids - Adrenal cortex
C. Growth hormone - Pituitary
D. Insulin - Beta cells

# Development of moustache in female is due to excessive secretion of:
A. Thyroid gland
B. Pituitary gland
C. Ovary
D. Suprarenal gland

# A diabetic person can safely take:
A. Sweets
B. Banana
C. Apple
D. Cucumber

# Neurohypophysis is:
A. Anterior pituitary
B. Posterior pituitary
C. Intermediate pituitary
D. Lateral pituitary

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