Goldenhar syndrome is:

 Goldenhar syndrome is:
A. Facial deformity, auricular abnormalities and vertebral deformity 
B. Facial deformity, auricular abnormalities, vertebral deformity and genital lesion 
C. Facial and auricular abnormalities only 
D. Auricular abnormalities only 

The correct answer is A. Facial deformity, auricular abnormalities and vertebral deformity.

Goldenhar syndrome or oculoauriculovertebral dysplasia is caused by abnormality in the vascular supply of the head. Hemifacial microsomia is second most common craniofacial anomaly, causing reduced growth and development of one half of the face. The mandible, maxilla, zygoma, external & middle ear, hyoid bone, parotid gland, 5th & 7th nerves, musculature and other soft tissues. When hemifacial microsomia is associated with vertebral abnormalities and epibulbar dermoids, it is known as Goldenhar syndrome. 

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