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Interruption of transmission of disease is called:

 # Interruption of transmission of disease is called:
A. Disease control 
B. Disease eradication
C. Disease elimination
D. Disability limitation



The correct answer is C. Disease elimination.

Concept of Control
A. Disease control : The term 'disease control' describes (ongoing) operations aimed at reducing incidence, duration, decrease effects of disease, etc. Control activities may focus on primary prevention or secondary prevention. The concept of tertiary prevention is comparatively less relevant to control efforts. In disease control, the disease agent is permitted to persist in the community at a level where it ceases to be a public health problem according to the tolerance level of local population.

B. Disease elimination: Between control and eradication, an intermediate goal has been described, called 'regional elimination'. The term elimination is used to describe interruption of transmission of disease, eg. elimination of measles, polio and diphtheria from large geographic region or areas. Regional elimination is now seen as an important precursor of eradication.

C. Disease eradication: Eradication literally means to 'tear out by roots'. It is the termination of all transmission of infection by extermination of the infectious agent through surveillance and containment. As the name implies, eradication is an absolute process, and not a relative goal. It is an all or none phenomenon. 

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