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Retention form in class II cavity for amalgam

 # Retention form in class II cavity for amalgam is achieved from:
A. Reduction of cusps
B. Convergence of proximal and occlusal walls occlusally
C. Flat gingival seat
Parallel proximal and occlusal walls



The correct answer is B. Convergence of proximal and occlusal walls occlusally.

The design of preparation primary retention form is directly related to the retention needs of the anticipated restorative material. Amalgam restoration of a Class I or II preparation is retained by developing external tooth walls that converge occlusally. In this way, when the amalgam is placed in the preparation and hardens, it cannot be dislodged. However, excessive occlusal convergence of the external walls will result in unsupported enamel rods at the cavosurface margin and must be avoided.

Ref: Sturdevant’s Art and Science of Operative Dentistry, 7th Edition, Page no 128


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