Chemotherapy for Leukemia

# A patient receiving chemotherapy for leukemia is highly susceptible to develop which oral infection?
A. Candidiasis
B. Actinomycosis
C Histoplasmosis
D. Coccidioidomycosis
E. Blastomycosis

The correct answer is A. Candidiasis. 

Immunocompromised patients are more susceptible to candidiasis, the fungal infection caused by Candida albicans. A patient with leukemia has lower than normal functioning leukocytes. This, coupled with chemotherapy which aims to
reduce the number of abnormal leukocytees, leaves the patient in a very
immunosuppressed state. 

Other examples of cases where a patient
would be susceptible to candidiasis include
patients taking antibiotics for a extended
periods or patients infected with HIV.

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