Disease associated with a decreased incidence of dental caries

# Which of the following diseases is associated with a decrease in caries?
A. Sjogren's syndrome
B. Cystic fibrosis
C. Cerebral palsy
D. Down syndrome

The correct answer is B. Cystic fibrosis.

** Important: There is a significantly reduced caries rate in patients with cystic fibrosis. This is probably the result of alterations in saliva and the long-term use of antibiotics. Cystic fibrosis is a congenital metabolic disorder that causes the exocrine glands (which are glands that secrete fluids into a duct) to produce abnormal secretions, resulting in several symptoms, the most important of which affect the digestive tract and the lungs. In some glands, such as the pancreas and those in the intestines, the secretions are thick or solid {an excessively viscous mucous) and may block the gland completely. The mucous producing glands in the airways of the lungs produce abnormal secretions that clog the airways and allow bacteria to multiply. The sweat glands secrete fluids that have high sodium and chloride content. Note: The staining of the teeth is most likely due to the fact
that patients with cystic fibrosis are usually subjected to large amounts of tetracyclines during childhood.

Symptoms of CF include:
• Poor growth despite a good appetite
• Malabsorption and foul, bulky stools: steatorrhea
• Chronic bronchitis (COPD) with cough
• Recurrent pneumonia: respiratory infections
• Clubbing of fingers and toes
• Barrel-chested appearance 

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