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Flap design for periodontal surgery

# When designing a flap for a periodontal surgery, which of the following findings is most influential?
A. Probing depth
B. Frenum attachment level
C. Vestibular depth
D. Quantity of attached gingiva
E. Presence of intrabony defect


Attached gingiva maintains a tight contact
with the periosteum of the bone and certain
areas of the tooth root.

Its function is to keep the free gingiva in
close contact with the tooth while also
protecting the soft and free moving alveolar
mucosa.

Insufficient attached gingiva makes the
mucosa more prone to trauma during
function and compromises the periodontal
support of teeth.

In order to avoid periodontal problems after surgery, the width of the attached gingiva must be preserved.

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